Knowledge Base

Physiology

Humans aren’t machines—we’re much more complicated. Exercise physiology involves changes in the body from exercise and rest.

From anaerobic threshold to environmental acclimatization, from FTP to PGC-1 alpha, we explore the science of human performance.

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Physiology > Exercise in Cold Weather

Fat bike in the snow

Exercise in the Cold Pathway

Exercising in cold weather has a significant impact on our physiology—from breathing to metabolism to performance. In this Pathway, you’ll learn about the physiological and psychological effects of cold from renowned environmental physiologist Dr. Stephen Cheung and many other experts.

How to Dress for Cold-Weather Exercise - Fast Talk Laboratories

How to Dress for Cold-Weather Cycling

Our Canadian CEO and cycling coach Trevor Connor offers his hard-won tips for how to dress for cold-weather cycling warmth and comfort.

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the impact of cold on metabolism and fueling

The Impact of Cold on Metabolism and Fueling

Environmental physiologist Dr. Stephen Cheung addresses whether the amount of fat and carbohydrate used for energy changes with the temperature.

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winter guide to indoor cycling

Your Winter Guide to Indoor Cycling, with Dr. Stephen Cheung

Dr. Stephen Cheung leads a discussion on indoor cycling, including heat management, adaptive differences between indoor and outdoor workouts, and what to do with those “nice” winter days when you can sneak outdoors.

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cyclist climbs Flagstaff Mountain in the snow

Why Can’t I Go As Fast When It’s Cold?

Cold temperatures can have a big impact on our physiology. We detail the performance effects of cold temps, and learn how to combat them.

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Fat bike in the snow

The Importance of Staying Warm on Your Bike

Cold temperatures can affect not only comfort but performance during your rides and races. We teach you how to stay warm and dry all year long.

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fat biking in the snow

How to Train in the Cold

We explore the physiological effects of training in the cold, from muscle damage to the increased caloric demands and how to stay warm.

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cyclist races by with bare legs

Cold, Bare Legs Make You Dumb, Not Tough

We dig into the physiology behind pedaling in cold weather and offer up a few tips and tricks for dressing properly. Internationally renowned trainer Andy Pruitt and former pro Ted King add their own insights on the subject.

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